Aeronautical glossary

Here you will find all the vocabulary related to airline pilot training.

Aeronautical glossary

Association des Professionnels Navigants de l'Aviation
Approved Training Organisations. Airline Transport Pilot training schools must be ATOs.
Integrated Airline Transport Pilot: Complete training to become an airline pilot.At APA Training, the Integrated training is composed of a theoretical training of approximately 9 months and 249 hours of practical training (including 120 hours on single-engine aircraft, 66 hours on twin-engine aircraft and 63 hours on flight simulator).
Modular Airline Transport Pilot: Training adapted to candidates who already have a basic knowledge allowing them to complete their ATP training in 4 to 6 months. Some prerequisites are necessary to integrate this training: candidates must hold a class 1 medical certificate, the ATP Theory, a level 4 or more at the FCL 055 certification (English rating), the PPL (Private Pilot License) with 170 hours of flight (including 100h as a Pilot In Command with 50h of cross country flight / 70h of dual controls / A 300 Nm triangular flight / A night rating). At APA Training, the ATP Modular training includes the MEP (Multi Engines Piston), CPL (Commercial Pilot License) and IR/ME (Multi Engines Instrument Flight) certifications. Candidates may, as an option, follow the UPRT (Upset Prevention Recovery Training) and MCC Aps (Multi Crew Coordination) courses.
Airline Transport Pilot License. License to act as an Airline Transport Pilot
Brevet d'Initiation à l'aéronautique. First access to the basics of aeronautics, available from middle school.
Basic Instrument Rating.
Competency-Based Instrument Rating. The theoretical training for CB-IR(A) is slightly lighter than for IR.
« Chef de Cabine » (Purser). The purser is in charge of the other cabin crew members on the flight.
« Commandant De Bord » / Pilot In Command
Centre d'Expertise Médicale du Personnel Navigant. Centres where pilots undergo their medical check-up.
Commercial Pilot Licence: Licence which allows commercial transport, as opposed to the PPL (Private Pilot Licence) which is a private pilot licence.
Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile
The FCL 055 certification attests the level of aeronautical English: A level of 0 to 3 will be considered insufficient, level 4 is the minimum required to join an airline (to be renewed every 4 years), level 5 is called the "advanced level", to be renewed every 6 years while level 6 "expert" is valid for life. At APA Training, all our courses are conducted in English. Thus, at the end of their training, students are automatically certified with a level 4 without even taking the exam. But as many airlines require a level 5 as a minimum, students have the possibility, if they wish, to follow a preparation course for the FCL 055 certification and to take the exam.
Flight Navigation & Procedures Trainer: European certification standard for flight simulators. There are three levels of FNPT certification. The higher the level, the more accurate and realistic the device will be. At APA Training, our FNPT is certified level II.
Fédération Française de l’Aéronautique.
Flight Instructor.
Instrument Flight Rules. An IFR flight allows you to fly with the sole help of the aircraft's instruments without any external visual information. This allows flying in all situations (bad weather, poor visibility, ...)
Instrument Rating. It allows to fly, among other things, in poor weather conditions.
Instrument Rating / Multi Engine. It is part of the qualifications included in the ATP training.
Multi Crew Cooperation. Complementary training to a commercial pilot licence (CPL) that allows pilots to fly as a crew member (multi pilots aircraft).
Multi Engine Piston: Qualification for multi-engine piston aircraft.
To be able to take the CPL (Commercial Pilot Licence), it is required to perform a cross country solo flight of at least 300Nm.
« Officier Pilote de Ligne » (First officer)
Pilot in Command.
«Personnel Navigant Technique » (Flight Crew)
Private Pilot Licence (General aviation).(PPL (H) for helicopters and PPL (A) for aeroplanes.
Student Pilot In Command.
Upset Prevention and Recovery Training: Training that aims to improve the knowledge of professional crews in critical situations. This training provides pilots with the knowledge and skills necessary to fly aircraft at the limit of their aerodynamic capabilities. This phase of the training allows students to experience, among other things, steep nose up or nose down attitudes, unusual bank angles, symmetrical or asymmetrical stalling of the aircraft.
Visual Flight Rules. Unlike IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) flights, VFR flights must respect certain conditions of visibility and distance to the clouds.